Rankings are based on a measure of radio airplay, sales data, and streaming activity. The chart is used to track the success of popular music songs in urban , or primarily African American , venues. Since its inception, the chart has changed its name many times in order to accurately reflect the industry at the time. Between and , there were separate charts published for Best Sellers and Juke Box plays, and in a third chart was added, the Jockeys chart based on radio airplay. Beginning August 23, , the rhythm and blues was replaced in favor of "soul", and the chart was renamed to "Best Selling Soul Singles". The move was made by a Billboard editorial decision that the term "soul" more accurately accounted for the "broad range of song and instrumental material which derives from the musical genius of the black American". Black Singles was deemed an acceptable term to encompass pop, funk, and early rap music popular in urban communities. Source: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prometheus Global Media.
Soul music often referred to simply as soul is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community throughout the United States in the s and early s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music , rhythm and blues and jazz. Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States, where record labels such as Motown , Atlantic and Stax were influential during the Civil Rights Movement. Soul also became popular around the world, directly influencing rock music and the music of Africa. Other characteristics are a call and response between the lead vocalist and the chorus and an especially tense vocal sound. The new-found African-American consciousness led to new styles of music, which boasted pride in being black. Soul music dominated the U. By , the soul music genre had begun to splinter. Some soul artists developed funk music, while other singers and groups developed slicker, more sophisticated, and in some cases more politically conscious varieties.
Granted, they still sing about the topic, and in explicit detail, but it's in equal proportion to drugs, spirituality and personal philosophies. Stereogum described the genre as a group of "co-conspirators, not a unified movement. Or a deeper or somehow more artistic delivery of rhythm and blues music. And that's why I always say that about the genre thing, because that's what it does. When you say 'it's that', you listen to it in a certain way. And you might not necessarily miss it , but it's just inaccurate, and you'll miss a couple of things, contextually. When I first released music and no one knew what I looked like, I would read comments like: 'I've never heard anything like this before, it's not in a genre. It throws side-eye at the genre, while at the same time claiming to have discovered something worthy within it.
The genre features a distinctive record production style, drum machine -backed rhythms, pitch corrected vocals, and a smooth, lush style of vocal arrangement. Electronic influences are becoming an increasing trend and the use of hip hop or dance -inspired beats are typical, although the roughness and grit inherent in hip hop may be reduced and smoothed out. Richard J. The synthesizer-heavy rhythm tracks of new jack swing were replaced by grittier East Coast hip hop -inspired backing tracks, resulting in a genre labeled " hip hop soul " by Mary J.